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Monday, 18 January 2021 00:00

Preventing Gout

Gout attacks can be extremely painful and cause stabbing pains, redness, and swelling in affected joints, including the big toe joint and other joints of the feet. Following your first gout attack, you may go months or years without suffering another one, or you may begin to experience gout attacks regularly, developing chronic gout and joint damage. Fortunately, there are steps that you can take to decrease the likelihood of having another gout attack. Because gout is caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream, which then crystallizes in the joints, modifying your diet can potentially reduce the risk of gout. A healthy diet that avoids foods high in purines, such as organ meats, seafood, alcohol, and sugary foods and drinks is suggested. Other preventive measures include exercising regularly and taking gout medications. For more information about how to prevent gout, please consult with a podiatrist.

Gout is a foot condition that requires certain treatment and care. If you are seeking treatment, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay from New Jersey . Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. It often develops in the foot, especially the big toe area, although it can manifest in other parts of the body as well. Gout can make walking and standing very painful and is especially common in diabetics and the obese.

People typically get gout because of a poor diet. Genetic predisposition is also a factor. The children of parents who have had gout frequently have a chance of developing it themselves.

Gout can easily be identified by redness and inflammation of the big toe and the surrounding areas of the foot. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, joint pain, and running high fevers. Sometimes corticosteroid drugs can be prescribed to treat gout, but the best way to combat this disease is to get more exercise and eat a better diet.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Wayne, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Gout
Monday, 18 January 2021 00:00

Preventing Ankle Sprains

Ankle sprains occur when a ligament in the ankle is overstretched or torn, and they are often caused by the foot suddenly turning inward during walking, running, or jumping activities. Athletes, especially those involved in sports such as soccer, basketball, football, and tennis, are particularly prone to ankle sprains because these sports require pivoting motions that put the ankle at risk. There are measures that you can take to prevent ankle sprains, including running on flat surfaces, wearing protective gear while playing sports, warming up prior to exercise, exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, and wearing shoes that fit properly. If you have suffered an ankle sprain, it is suggested that you seek the care of a podiatrist.

Sports related foot and ankle injuries require proper treatment before players can go back to their regular routines. For more information, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay of New Jersey . Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Sports Related Foot and Ankle Injuries

Foot and ankle injuries are a common occurrence when it comes to athletes of any sport. While many athletes dismiss the initial aches and pains, the truth is that ignoring potential foot and ankle injuries can lead to serious problems. As athletes continue to place pressure and strain the area further, a mild injury can turn into something as serious as a rupture and may lead to a permanent disability. There are many factors that contribute to sports related foot and ankle injuries, which include failure to warm up properly, not providing support or wearing bad footwear. Common injuries and conditions athletes face, including:

  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Plantar Fasciosis
  • Achilles Tendinitis
  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Ankle Sprains

Sports related injuries are commonly treated using the RICE method. This includes rest, applying ice to the injured area, compression and elevating the ankle. More serious sprains and injuries may require surgery, which could include arthroscopic and reconstructive surgery. Rehabilitation and therapy may also be required in order to get any recovering athlete to become fully functional again. Any unusual aches and pains an athlete sustains must be evaluated by a licensed, reputable medical professional.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Wayne, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Sports Related Foot and Ankle Injuries
Wednesday, 13 January 2021 00:00

Wounds That Don't Heal Need to Be Checked

Your feet are covered most of the day. If you're diabetic, periodic screening is important for good health. Numbness is often a sign of diabetic foot and can mask a sore or wound.

Monday, 11 January 2021 00:00

Morton’s Neuroma 101

Morton’s neuroma occurs when the nerves in the foot become inflamed. Usually, the nerves that are affected are in the ball of the foot between the 3rd and 4th toes. Signs of Morton’s neuroma include a sharp burning sensation, a lack of feeling, or a tingling in the forefoot area. These symptoms usually show up when pressure is placed on the foot during activities such as walking, standing, running or jumping. Most commonly, Morton’s neuroma is caused by a foot deformity that causes the foot bones to squeeze the nerves. Because of this, footwear that squeezes and constricts the toes can often lead to a neuroma, and a shoe with a wide toe box is suggested for decreasing foot pain. Morton’s neuroma can be treated by a podiatrist. Treatment options that your podiatrist may recommend include orthotics, cortisone injections and, in severe cases, surgery.

Morton’s neuroma is a very uncomfortable condition to live with. If you think you have Morton’s neuroma, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay of New Jersey . Our doctor will attend to all of your foot care needs and answer any of your related questions.  

Morton’s Neuroma

Morton's neuroma is a painful foot condition that commonly affects the areas between the second and third or third and fourth toe, although other areas of the foot are also susceptible. Morton’s neuroma is caused by an inflamed nerve in the foot that is being squeezed and aggravated by surrounding bones.

What Increases the Chances of Having Morton’s Neuroma?

  • Ill-fitting high heels or shoes that add pressure to the toe or foot
  • Jogging, running or any sport that involves constant impact to the foot
  • Flat feet, bunions, and any other foot deformities

Morton’s neuroma is a very treatable condition. Orthotics and shoe inserts can often be used to alleviate the pain on the forefront of the feet. In more severe cases, corticosteroids can also be prescribed. In order to figure out the best treatment for your neuroma, it’s recommended to seek the care of a podiatrist who can diagnose your condition and provide different treatment options.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Wayne, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Morton's Neuroma

Cracked heels are caused when the skin around your heels splits apart. This can occur for several reasons, from lack of moisture to pressure from standing on your feet all day. When the skin becomes dried out the heels lose their strength and elasticity, and they become hard, dry and flaky. If left untreated, cracks on the heels can become deeper and may even bleed. These deep cracks are known as fissures. Living in a dry climate, walking barefoot, being obese, and wearing shoes with an open back can all increase the risk of developing cracked heels. One simple step to help reduce the risk of cracked heels is to moisturize the feet daily. Drinking plenty of fresh water can also be helpful. Cracked heels can be especially dangerous if you have diabetes or a weakened immune system. It is strongly recommended that you consult with a podiatrist for more information.

Cracked heels are unsightly and can cause further damage to your shoes and feet. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay from New Jersey . Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Cracked Heels

Cracked heels appear unappealing and can make it harder for you walk around in sandals. Aside from looking unpleasant, cracked heels can also tear stockings, socks, and wear out your shoes. There are several methods to help restore a cracked heel and prevent further damage.

How Do You Get Them?

Dry skin is the number one culprit in creating cracked heels. Many athletes, walkers, joggers, and even swimmers suffer from cracked heels. Age and skin oil production play a role to getting cracked heels as well.

Promote Healing

Over the counter medicines can help, especially for those that need instant relief or who suffer from chronic dry feet.

Wear Socks – Wearing socks with medicated creams helps lock in moisture.

Moisturizers – Applying both day and night will help alleviate dryness which causes cracking.

Pumice Stones – These exfoliate and remove dead skin, which allows for smoother moisturizer application and better absorption into the skin. 

Change in Diet

Eating healthy with a well-balanced diet will give the skin a fresh and radiant look. Your body responds to the kinds of food you ingest. Omega-3 fatty acids and zinc supplements can also revitalize skin tissue.

Most importantly, seek professional help if unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels. A podiatrist will help you with any questions or information needed. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Wayne, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Solutions for Cracked Heels

Because of the many bones in the foot, there are a variety of ways that the foot can become fractured. These can include toe fractures, metatarsal fractures (middle of the foot), sesamoid fractures, or fractures to bones at the back of the foot, like the heel bone. A fractured foot will be very painful, especially when putting weight on it, and walking will likely be difficult. In order to properly diagnose a foot fracture, a podiatrist may need to take X-rays. Once X-rays are taken and the fracture is diagnosed, your podiatrist will determine the treatment option that is best for you. Common options include splints, casts, rest, and physical therapy. Most likely, putting weight on the foot will be discouraged for a certain amount of time. If you believe that you have fractured a bone in your foot, make sure to consult with a podiatrist.

A broken foot requires immediate medical attention and treatment. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay from New Jersey . Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Broken Foot Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

A broken foot is caused by one of the bones in the foot typically breaking when bended, crushed, or stretched beyond its natural capabilities. Usually the location of the fracture indicates how the break occurred, whether it was through an object, fall, or any other type of injury. 

Common Symptoms of Broken Feet:

  • Bruising
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Blue in color
  • Numbness
  • Cold
  • Misshapen
  • Cuts
  • Deformities

Those that suspect they have a broken foot shoot seek urgent medical attention where a medical professional could diagnose the severity.

Treatment for broken bones varies depending on the cause, severity and location. Some will require the use of splints, casts or crutches while others could even involve surgery to repair the broken bones. Personal care includes the use of ice and keeping the foot stabilized and elevated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Wayne, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment for a Broken Foot
Monday, 28 December 2020 00:00

Mild Relief of Ankle Sprains

An ankle sprain is a common cause of ankle pain. It generally occurs as a result of turning or rolling the ankle beyond its normal range of motion. This can happen from stepping off of a curb unexpectedly, which may cause the ligaments of the ankle to become overstretched or torn. The grades of ankle sprains can vary and each grade plays a role in the length of recovery time. Relief may be found when simple stretches are performed, and this may accelerate the process of healing the ankle joints. Additionally, it may help to strengthen the muscles surrounding the affected area in order to help avoid re-injury. Other ways to find relief may include manual therapy or staying off of the affected ankle as often as possible. If you are experiencing any type of ankle pain it is strongly suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can determine what the best course of treatment is for you.

Ankle sprains are common but need immediate attention. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay from New Jersey . Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?

Ankle sprains take place when the ligaments in your ankle are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured, including twisting or rolling over onto your ankle, putting undue stress on it, or causing trauma to the ankle itself.

What Are the Symptoms?

  • Mild to moderate bruising
  • Limited mobility
  • Swelling
  • Discoloration of the skin (depending on severity)

Preventing a Sprain

  • Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • Stretching before exercises and sports
  • Knowing your limits

Treatment of a Sprain

Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity.  Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast. If the sprain is very severe, surgery may be required.

If you have suffered an ankle sprain previously, you may want to consider additional support such as a brace and regular exercises to strengthen the ankle.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Wayne, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Ankle Sprains

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune condition that causes the body’s immune system to attack its own healthy tissue, including the lining of joints. This leads to initial symptoms such as joint pain, swelling, stiffness, redness, warmth around the affected joints, and morning stiffness in the joints that lasts longer than 30 minutes. Typically, the smaller joints, such as those in the feet, are affected first. Over time, rheumatoid arthritis can progress, deteriorating the joint cartilage, eroding bone tissue, and restricting the affected joint’s range of motion. If you have rheumatoid arthritis that is affecting the joints of your feet and ankles, it is suggested that you seek the care of a podiatrist.

Because RA affects more than just your joints, including the joints in your feet and ankles, it is important to seek early diagnosis from your podiatrist if you feel like the pain in your feet might be caused by RA. For more information, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay of New Jersey . Our doctor will assist you with all of your podiatric concerns.

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s own immune system attacks the membranes surrounding the joints. Inflammation of the lining and eventually the destruction of the joint’s cartilage and bone occur, causing severe pain and immobility.

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Feet

Although RA usually attacks multiple bones and joints throughout the entire body, almost 90 percent of cases result in pain in the foot or ankle area.

Symptoms

  • Swelling and pain in the feet
  • Stiffness in the feet
  • Pain on the ball or sole of feet
  • Joint shift and deformation

Diagnosis

Quick diagnosis of RA in the feet is important so that the podiatrist can treat the area effectively. Your doctor will ask you about your medical history, occupation, and lifestyle to determine the origin of the condition. Rheumatoid Factor tests help to determine if someone is affected by the disease.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Wayne, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Rheumatoid Arthritis in the Feet
Monday, 21 December 2020 00:00

Precautions to Prevent Fungal Nails

Toenail fungus is the result of an infection underneath the surface of the toenail. This infection can cause symptoms such as the nail becoming thickened, crumbly, and discolored. The infected nail may also develop a foul smell, cause pain while walking, and can easily spread the infection to other nails. Fortunately, toenail fungus can be prevented. It is important to practice good foot hygiene to prevent infections. Toenail fungus thrives in warm and moist environments. Keep your feet clean and dry and wear breathable shoes and moisture-wicking socks to create a less hospitable environment for the fungus on your feet. When walking in wet, moist public areas where toenail fungus can spread, such as swimming pools and locker rooms, always wear shower shoes. You can also prevent the spread of infection by not sharing personal items like shoes, socks, and towels with others. If you suspect that you may have a fungal nail infection, it is suggested that you see a podiatrist for treatment.

For more information about treatment, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay of New Jersey . Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Toenail Fungus Treatment

Toenail fungus is a condition that affects many people and can be especially hard to get rid of. Fortunately, there are several methods to go about treating and avoiding it.

Antifungals & Deterrence

Oral antifungal medicine has been shown to be effective in many cases. It is important to consult with a podiatrist to determine the proper regiment for you, or potentially explore other options.

Applying foot powder on the feet and shoes helps keep the feet free of moisture and sweat.

Sandals or open toed shoes – Wearing these will allow air movement and help keep feet dry. They also expose your feet to light, which fungus cannot tolerate. Socks with moisture wicking material also help as well.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Wayne, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Toenail Fungus

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a condition that causes poor circulation in the lower limbs due to blockages in the blood vessels that supply blood to this area. There are a variety of diagnostic tests that a doctor may use to diagnose you with PAD. Most of these tests are quick, painless, and noninvasive. The ankle-brachial index is a screening for PAD in which the doctor takes your blood pressure at your arm and at your ankle and then compares the two numbers to determine how well blood is flowing in your lower limbs. The Doppler ultrasound is an imaging test that visualizes the blood flow in the major arteries and veins and can determine where there may be a blockage. A treadmill test, in which you are asked to walk on a treadmill, can show the severity of your PAD symptoms and the level of activity that brings them on. To be tested for PAD, or to learn more about this condition, talk to a podiatrist today.

Vascular testing plays an important part in diagnosing disease like peripheral artery disease. If you have symptoms of peripheral artery disease, or diabetes, consult with Dr. Douglas Mckay from New Jersey . Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

What Is Vascular Testing?

Vascular testing checks for how well blood circulation is in the veins and arteries. This is most often done to determine and treat a patient for peripheral artery disease (PAD), stroke, and aneurysms. Podiatrists utilize vascular testing when a patient has symptoms of PAD or if they believe they might. If a patient has diabetes, a podiatrist may determine a vascular test to be prudent to check for poor blood circulation.

How Is it Conducted?

Most forms of vascular testing are non-invasive. Podiatrists will first conduct a visual inspection for any wounds, discoloration, and any abnormal signs prior to a vascular test.

 The most common tests include:

  • Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) examination
  • Doppler examination
  • Pedal pulses

These tests are safe, painless, and easy to do. Once finished, the podiatrist can then provide a diagnosis and the best course for treatment.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Wayne, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

Read more about Vascular Testing in Podiatry
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